Millions of women are considering downshifting their careers or leaving the workforce due to Covid-19, according to a new report.
Female workers have been affected by the stress of juggling careers and looking after children, often compounded by a lack of help from their partner, it claims.
Women’s rights organisation Lean In, which was founded by Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg in 2013, surveyed 40,000 employees at 317 US firms for its report.
It found a quarter of women are considering giving up work due to stress and another quarter are worried about their performance at work being judged because of their need to look after their child.
Men are less likely to consider switching to a less demanding job, taking a leave of absence or leaving work altogether to look after their children, compared with women, it also found.
The report suggests employers should do more to address ’employee burnout’ to prevent women leaving their jobs and erasing ‘progress made toward gender diversity’ in the workplace in recent years.
‘Some companies may think that worrying about employee burnout is a luxury they can’t afford right now,’ said Sandberg and Lean In CEO Rachel Thomas in a piece for the Wall Street Journal, detailing their findings.
‘In fact, it’s mission-critical – if companies rise to the moment, they can head off the disaster of losing millions of women and setting gender diversity back years.’
For the past six years, the Women in the Workplace study has revealed progress for women at all levels of management.
But the disastrous pandemic has meant ‘all those gains could be wiped out in a single year’, Lean In says.
Working at home due to the coronavirus lockdown has meant the ‘boundaries between work and home have blurred’.
Women are having to balance work, childcare and homeschooling responsibilities while worrying about layoffs, furloughs and financial insecurity.
Working mothers are doing a ‘double shift’ consisting of a full day of work, followed by hours spent caring for children and doing household chores.
Mothers are are more likely than fathers to worry that their performance is being negatively judged due to their combined responsibilities during the pandemic, the report says.
One female vice president of a company with two children said: ‘I feel like I am failing at everything – I’m failing at work, I’m failing at my duties as a mum, I’m failing in every single way, because I think what we’re being asked to do is nearly impossible.
‘How can you continue to perform at the same level as in the office when you had no distractions, plus being asked to basically become a teacher for kids and everything else with online learning?
‘I’m doing it all, but I’m feeling like I’m not doing any of it well – I worry that my performance is being judged because I’m caring for my children.’
Lean In found mothers are more than three times as likely as fathers to be responsible for most of the housework and caregiving.
They’re 1.5 times more likely than fathers to be spending an extra three or more hours a day on housework and childcare, which is equivalent to 20 hours a week, or half a full-time job.
Meanwhile, one in five mothers who don’t live with a spouse or partner, are more likely than mothers overall to have concerns about financial insecurity.
And dads are less likely to be seen as the primary caregiver by the children, which can increase stress, the report suggests.
One woman with three children under five years said: ‘There’s an assumption in a lot of families that the woman is the primary caregiver – kids literally walk past their dads to go to their mums to ask for stuff.
‘The pandemic has highlighted how disproportionately things fall on women.’
Perceptions of how much housework mothers and fathers do also vary, the report found.
76 per cent of mothers with children under age 10 say childcare is one of their top three challenges during Covid-19, compared to 54 per cent of fathers with young children.
While more than 70 per cent of fathers think they are splitting household labour equally with their partner during Covid-19 but only 44 per cent of mothers say the same.
39 per cent of women said they’re responsible for most of the household work, compared with 13 per cent of men who responded likewise.
And 3 per cent of men could say they were responsible for most of the housework, compared with 12 per cent of women.
Given the enormous challenges mothers are facing at work and at home, mothers are considering downshifting their career or leaving the workforce and are ‘more likely to be thinking about taking these steps than fathers’.
17 per cent of mothers have considered reducing their work hours during the pandemic, compared to 9 per cent of fathers, and 15 per cent of mums have thought about taking a leave of absence, compared with 9 per cent of fathers.
Among mothers who are thinking about downshifting or leaving, a majority cite childcare responsibilities as a primary reason, the report found.
Women are also ‘often held to higher performance standards than men, and they may be more likely to take the blame for failure’.
To combat this, Lean In is advising companies to reset goals, extend deadlines and generally offer more leniency during the pandemic.
‘They should also reflect on performance reviews – is it fair to hold employees to criteria set before Covid-19?’ Sandberg and Thomas wrote.
‘Should performance ratings be adjusted to reflect the reality this year?
‘These are hard questions to answer, and every team is different, but nothing about work right now is typical, so expectations of employees shouldn’t be either.’
YOUNG WOMEN MORE LIKELY TO SUFFER DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN LOCKDOWN: STUDY
Young women are most likely to suffer from lockdown-induced depression, anxiety and loneliness, according to new research.
Researchers at University College London carried out a survey of 18,000 people in May, three months into lockdown.
They found ill mental health was most common in the youngest group – 19 year olds. Just over one third of women and just under one quarter of men had symptoms of depression.
But it was 30-year-old women that have had the biggest increase in mental health problems compared with five years previously.
One in five 30-year-old women showed signs of depression, double that recorded in the oldest women in the survey.
The UCL Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) looked the impact of the pandemic on four generations – people born in 1958 (aged 62), 1970 (aged 50), 1989-90 (aged 30), and 2000-02 (aged 19).
Participants were part of four different surveys which had interviewed them since childhood.
Women were more likely than men to suffer mental health problems during lockdown in each age category, the research showed.
Poor mental health in lockdown was most common among the 19-year-olds surveyed, with depression affecting one-third of women and a quarter of men.
Just under half and both 19-year-old men and women felt lonely during the same time.
Following teenagers were 30-year-old millennials – one in five women showed signed of depression compared with 14 per cent of the men.
And loneliness was also widespread among 30 year-olds, affecting one third of women and a quarter of men.
Just seven per cent of 62-year-old men and 10 per cent of 62-year-old women said they felt depressed.
The researchers analysed the lockdown survey alongside a similar one done by the same participants five years ago.
Women of 30 years old saw the sharpest decline in mental health over this period of time.
Researchers found a ‘significant increase’ in levels of poor mental health during lockdown compared to when this group was last surveyed, at age 25.
This was only compared to those aged 50 and 62, because the 19 year-olds were not surveyed at the age of 14.
The study’s co-author, Professor Emla Fitzsimons, said the change in mental health among 30 years olds could naturally occur and not be a result of Covid-19.
She said: ‘This change in mental health between age 25 and 30 will reflect change that may naturally occur at this stage of life, as well as change attributable to the pandemic.
‘However this finding chimes with other studies which have also shown that young women have experienced the largest increase in mental health problems due to COVID-19.’